5 Scouting Tips for Whitetail Deer: Proven Techniques from Experienced Hunters
The hunt for the trophy whitetail deer is never over.
You should be prepared to put in some work into it – and not only during the hunting season, either.
A successful hunting season calls for year-round efforts.
Still, scouting for bucks on an unfamiliar chunk of land doesn’t necessarily have to be complicated or time-consuming – if you follow a few essential tips below.
So, if you’re not quite sure whether you’re covering all the bases and doing what it takes to hunt big buck, keep reading:
The scouting tips for whitetail deer listed below are the tried-and-true methods of all seasoned hunters – and they’re all about working smarter, not harder!
1. Locate Whitetail Habitats: Bedding and Staging Areas
The thing about whitetail deer is that they follow regular feeding and living patterns.
There’s no way that you’ll ever catch them springing across grassy knolls in broad daylight, where they can be easily ambushed.
That’s why scouting for whitetail deer starts with finding their habitat – and more specifically, tracking down their staging and bedding areas.
The good news for all deer hunters out there is that whitetail habitats are relatively simple to locate, as long as you’re willing to put in the legwork and follow a few essential guidelines.
First off, you should take note of mature hardwood forests in the area, which typically provides more cover than younger forests and more food choices for the deer.
Even more so, bucks will gather in places such as:
If the terrain is rocky, the chances are that the deer will avoid the area altogether – and you should, too.
The bedding spots are usually located in areas that offer shade and coverage, but at the same time, allow for easy access to food and water.
You’ll undoubtedly be able to recognize a bedding area when you see one. The telltale signs, such as:
As I said, you won’t see deer marching boldly into an open field; they’re smarter and more cautious than that.
Instead, they’ll wait until sundown to move into an open field:
The deer will travel down to the staging area – typically located somewhere within 200 yards from the target food source – and stay there until they feel safe enough to proceed.
It serves as a gateway of sorts between their bedding area and evening food sources.
Again, they’ll leave a ton of signs here:
As they mill about and nibble on bushes and fruits.
2. Pinpoint Food and Water Sources (And See Where They Take You):
Did you know that an average deer can consume up to seven pounds of green foliage and browse a day?
It’s no surprise, then, that one of the best scouting tips for whitetail deer that anyone could give you is to identify possible food sources.
With a bit of time and effort, pinpoint exact feeding spots, too.
The need to feed is pretty much the sole driving force behind deer behavior, with everything else revolving around it.
Food and water sources are the focal point of deer movement throughout the year – even during the rut.
As such, it should be the primary focus of your hunting plan, as well.
After all, deer need water – it’s one of the three essential needs of any whitetail deer.
But for whatever reason, I noticed that they often get overlooked.
Granted, in areas with a general abundance of water, the tactic of tracking down water sources may not be as effective.
However, in dry areas, a concentration of different water sources usually means that there’s a population of deer nearby, as well.
Narrowing it down:
Water sources are one thing – but how do you narrow your search down and find feeding hot spots?
As with everything else, it’s about looking for signs of deer activity, such as:
Once you’ve located these feeding areas successfully, it’s much easier to determine where and how the deer enter and exit these areas.
Pinpoint the feeding spots:
Considering that they’re creatures of habit, it’s easy to find trails that lead to and from the feeding spots.
Walk along the edges of these food and water sources, and search for signs of deer trails:
More often than not, they’ll lead you back to a centralized path – and from there, you can usually track down their bedding areas, as well!
3. Bucks Leave Signs: Pay Close Attention to Rub Lines and Scrapes
Scouting for bucks is generally a whole lot easier than scouting for does and fawns, due to one reason – bucks tend to leave signs along their paths and let their presence be known.
The older the deer is, the more signs it leaves behind.
That brings me to my next scouting tip for whitetail deer – identifying and following rub lines and scrapes.
Seeing the sides of the trees stripped clean of their bark is a dead giveaway of a mature buck’s travel route, and makes for an excellent scouting tool, as well.
Rub lines, along with other indicators of passage, can tell you how the buck is traveling through that particular portion of the habitat.
Novice mistakes to avoid:
As obvious as this seems, a lot of deer hunters make the same mistake:
They waste their time on finding the perfect hunting spot but fail to consider whether or not the area shows signs of bucks passing through at some point.
Furthermore, since I’m already pointing out common scouting mistakes, do keep in mind that a single rub doesn’t mean much:
Yes, a buck was there at one point, and most likely rubbed a tree because they felt like it.
But unless you find a cluster of rubs going in a specific direction, forming a clear line, it’s not a clue worth following.
What about the scrapes?
Deer will likely follow relatively similar scrapes patterns as rubs, appearing near food sources and along field edges.
Even more so, a good portion of these scrapes – I’d say half of them – will be reopened in the same spot every season.
Once you’ve identified a rub line – along with relatively fresh scrapes – you should get a map of the area and mark the exact spots.
That allows you to understand how the deer use the terrain.
And more importantly, helps you pinpoint suitable ambush spots for your next hunting trip.
4. Analyze Terrain and Recognize “Deer Magnets” On the Map:
Sure, several years’ worth of buck signs can be a dead giveaway of a potential hot spot, but here’s the thing:
Your scouting efforts should start way earlier, while you’re still in the comfort of your home, so that, by the time you set foot into the woods, you’ve already narrowed it down to specific locations.
I mean, no one’s stopping you from going in blind and wandering around until you identify natural funnels and what I call “deer magnets”.
Still, it’s always better to keep your presence in the woods at an absolute minimum.
The advantage you should utilize:
How do you familiarize yourself with the area and analyze the terrain long before setting foot in the woods?
Seriously, it’s the best way to ensure a productive scouting trip:
You’ll know which spots to check out as soon as you arrive, you’ll know how to reach them, and you won’t waste time and effort – or risk startling the deer – by walking around aimlessly.
So, whip out that topographic map – or access Google Earth, whatever’s more convenient – and start getting familiar with the area that you’ll be visiting during your upcoming scouting excursion.
Starting your patrol:
I recommend that you start by shaving down acres that fall within 30 minutes of the road.
Also, you can cross out any large chunks of marshland, mature hardwood, and conifer stands, as well as any other nondescript habitat types.
You want to focus on habitat inconsistency, rather than consistency, and scout edge habitats that large bucks typically prefer.
While you’re at it, take note of any significant features and obstacles – mountains and rivers, for example – that would make it hard for you to move through the area.
Take the path of least resistance, not because I’m advocating for a lazy approach, but because deer also look for the easiest way to travel from one spot to another.
Areas where topography, vegetation, obstacles, and other such features naturally funnel deer movement make for excellent scouting and hunting spots, too!
5. Use a Trail Camera (And Document Everything):
Nothing beats an old-fashioned walk in the woods, but as every hunter knows, that’s not always an option – or the best approach, for that matter.
Trail cameras have become one of the primary methods for gathering data and observing movement patterns.
It’s important to avoid common mistakes that hunters are known for making while using them.
So, how do you use these handy scouting tools to your advantage?
The best locations for your motion-sensing trail cameras are the ones that go along the natural travel routes.
You can determine these through on-foot scouting, as well as recognizing the so-called “deer magnets” by analyzing the given area.
However, what a lot of hunters fail to factor in here is that, as the food preferences change and the rut progresses, so do the suitable camera locations.
Recognizing these transitions throughout the year – not only during deer hunting season – is the key to success.
Checking your trail cameras:
When you do go to check on your trail cameras, be sure to get in and out as quietly, quickly, and scent-free as possible, without getting noticed and disrupting their daily patterns.
There’s more to it besides picking the right spots and knowing when and how to retrieve the cameras.
You should know how to use and apply the collected data, too. Otherwise, all you have is tons of meaningless footage.
What I’d like you to do – and I cannot stress how vital this is for successful scouting – is to get in the habit of writing things down and documenting your findings.
Take note of things like:
You can go as elaborate and detailed or as brief and to-the-point as you’d like, but note down everything that could contribute to your next hunting trip.
Once you have all this information in one place, it’s much easier to plan your attack.
Wrapping Things Up:
There are years of combined deer hunting experience summed up in these 5 scouting tips for whitetail deer.
Some are a bit more old-school – scouting methods our grandfathers were likely using back in the day – while others rely on technology that became readily available in recent years.
Either way, one thing’s certain:
These proven scouting tips are what you need to get the job done, and pinpoint, track, and hunt some big buck this next hunting season!
What is your favorite tip?
Would you add any of yours?
Let me know in the comments below!